Linux Newbie Administrator Guide

  • Linux Newbie Administrator Guide
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    Linux Newbie Administrator Guide (LNAG) Version 0.201 , 2004-07-22 by

  • 1.1 Fundamentally, why Linux?
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    1.1 Fundamentally, why Linux? If you truly enjoy working with computers, Linux is the operatin

  • 1.10 I need standards. Big software corporations (Microsoft) providestandards.
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    1.10 I need standards. Big software corporations (Microsoft) providestandards. Perhaps that's w

  • 1.11 I Need MS Windows for Reading Writing MS Word Documents
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    1.11 I Need MS Windows for Reading Writing MS Word Documents In a large corporate environment,

  • 1.12 MS Windows popularity insures that it is "here to stay".
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    1.12 MS Windows popularity insures that it is "here to stay". This is likely true. Nintendo is

  • 1.13 But LINUX may fork into many different systems ...
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    1.13 But LINUX may fork into many different systems ... This is a typical argument of the type

  • 1.14 Linux lacks a central development blueprint (or roadmap)
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    1.14 Linux lacks a central development blueprint (or roadmap) Linux has no central steering com

  • 1.15 Linux is a cult
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    1.15 Linux is a cult The Linux community has repeatedly been labeled "religious zealots" by jo

  • 1.16 The total cost of ownership (TCO) of Linux is high
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    1.16 The total cost of ownership (TCO) of Linux is high Nobody really knows how to calculate th

  • 1.17 Linux is idealistic "dreaming"; it is business thatrules the world nowadays
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    1.17 Linux is idealistic "dreaming"; it is business thatrules the world nowadays Think of Linux

  • 1.18 Linux may be found to violate somebody else's "intellectualproperty" (IP)
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    1.18 Linux may be found to violate somebody else's "intellectualproperty" (IP) This is a seriou

  • 1.19 Linux sux etc.
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    1.19 Linux sux etc. If you don't like Linux, then do not use it. You are not doing anybody a f

  • 1.2 Is Linux for me?
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    1.2 Is Linux for me? Only you can answer this question. Linux is a mature, powerful, secure an

  • 1.3 Linux is difficult for newbies.
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    1.3 Linux is difficult for newbies. This may be true. But the real question is: do you really

  • 1.4 What are the benefits of Linux?
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    1.4 What are the benefits of Linux? Linux can give you: A modern, very stable, multi-us

  • 1.5 What are the differences between Linux and UNIX?
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    1.5 What are the differences between Linux and UNIX? Command-line-wise, almost none, although t

  • 1.6 What are the differences between Linux and MS Windows?
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    1.6 What are the differences between Linux and MS Windows? Mouse-click-wise, almost none, once

  • 1.7 I don't believe in free software, etc.
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    1.7 I don't believe in free software, etc. And do you believe in the Internet? The Internet an

  • 1.8 "There ain't no such thing as a free lunch"
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    1.8 "There ain't no such thing as a free lunch" "The economic paradigm which makes this true d

  • 1.9 I need warranty and security. With commercial software, I can sueif things go wrong.
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    1.9 I need warranty and security. With commercial software, I can sueif things go wrong. Don't

  • 2.1 Which Linux distribution should I use?
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    2.1 Which Linux distribution should I use? Linux distribution is a coherent collection of free

  • 2.10 How do I partition my hard drive?
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    2.10 How do I partition my hard drive? Before Linux installation, you might really want to kno

  • 2.11 The MS Windows partition occupies my whole harddrive. Can Ishrink/split it without a re-install?
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    2.11 The MS Windows partition occupies my whole harddrive. Can Ishrink/split it without a re-insta

  • 2.12 How do I start the installation?
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    2.12 How do I start the installation? Insert the installation boot diskette into your floppy d

  • 2.13 Is the Linux installation difficult?
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    2.13 Is the Linux installation difficult? It was not for me. It seems that for most newbies, i

  • 2.14 Which packages should I install?
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    2.14 Which packages should I install? Linux software comes in "packages". For example, my Linu

  • 2.15 Which GUI desktop should I install, KDE or GNOME?
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    2.15 Which GUI desktop should I install, KDE or GNOME? Disk-space permitting, definitely both.

  • 2.16 I finished the installation. How do I log-in for the very firsttime?
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    2.16 I finished the installation. How do I log-in for the very firsttime? As root. "root" is th

  • 2.17 How do I crash Linux?
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    2.17 How do I crash Linux? As root, you can do whatever you want, including an accelarated sys

  • 2.18 Can I use Graphical User Interface (GUI) all the time?
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    2.18 Can I use Graphical User Interface (GUI) all the time? You can. But I don't think it woul

  • 2.19 How do I upgrade a Linux distribution?
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    2.19 How do I upgrade a Linux distribution? For a full system upgrade (updated distribution CD

  • 2.2 Which Linux Distribution should I select for my old computer(s)?
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    2.2 Which Linux Distribution should I select for my old computer(s)? Quick answer: Debian, Sla

  • 2.3 What are the Linux hardware requirements?
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    2.3 What are the Linux hardware requirements? "Out-of-box" Linux should run on a 386SX-based P

  • 2.4 Will my hardware work under Linux?
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    2.4 Will my hardware work under Linux? Not every piece of PC hardware is supported under Linux

  • 2.5 How do I download Linux?
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    2.5 How do I download Linux? Do yourself a favor and do not download Linux. Buy an installatio

  • 2.6 How do I get a Linux CD?
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    2.6 How do I get a Linux CD? Many possible ways. (1) Buy the "RedHat" or Mandrake CDs from Li

  • 2.7 I have Linux Installation CDs but no install floppy. What do Ido?
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    2.7 I have Linux Installation CDs but no install floppy. What do Ido? If your computer can boot

  • 2.8 What do I need to read before installation?
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    2.8 What do I need to read before installation? It is VERY helpful to get some UNIX orientation

  • 2.9 Can I have MS Windows and Linux installed on the same computer?
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    2.9 Can I have MS Windows and Linux installed on the same computer? Yes, you can. Many Linuxers

  • 3.1 Any Linux reading materials?
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    3.1 Any Linux reading materials? This guide is not sufficient? :) The RedHat Linux distribu

  • 3.2 Is there a help command?
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    3.2 Is there a help command? Most Linux commands can be run with the "--help" option. For exam

  • 3.3 Any dictionary of terms?
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    3.3 Any dictionary of terms? This one is a rather maximalist one : "The New Hackers Dictionary

  • 3.4 Web Search
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    3.4 Web Search Currently, the best websearch engine is Google, amazing what you can find with

  • 3.5 Newsgroups
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    3.5 Newsgroups Despite their drawbacks, newsgroups can be a very efficient way of finding the

  • 3.6 Any Linux Internet links?
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    3.6 Any Linux Internet links? There are surely thousands of Internet sites devoted to Linux.

  • 3.7 Source code--the ultimate resource
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    3.7 Source code--the ultimate resource The ultimate reference under Linux is the source code.

  • 4.1 Basics
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    4.1 Basics 4.1.1 Filenames Linux is case-sensitive. For example: myfile, Myfile, and myFILE

  • 4.2 Users, passwords, file permissions, and security
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    4.2 Users, passwords, file permissions, and security 4.2.1 Home directories, root, adding users

  • 4.3 Job scheduling with "&", "at", "batch",and cron
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    4.3 Job scheduling with "&", "at", "batch",and cron 4.3.1 How do I execute a command in the "b

  • 4.4 Shell
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    4.4 Shell 4.4.1 What is a shell and do I want to use a different one? A shell is t

  • 4.5 Package installation and rpm package manager
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    4.5 Package installation and rpm package manager 4.5.1 How do I install a program I downloaded

  • 5.1 Startup Issues (LILO and GRUB)
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    5.1 Startup Issues (LILO and GRUB) 5.1.1 LILO and GRUB Both the newer GRUB and the older LIL

  • 5.2 Accessing my drives
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    5.2 Accessing my drives 5.2.1 Where are my drives? Linux shows all the directories in one di

  • 5.3 Working with X-windows
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    5.3 Working with X-windows 5.3.1 How to switch between text and graphical consoles? Pressin

  • 5.4 Basic Configurations
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    5.4 Basic Configurations 5.4.1 How do I setup my printer? Start an X-terminal (perhaps by pr

  • 5.5 Networking
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    5.5 Networking 5.5.1 Would it be worth it to set up my home network? This is an excellent i

  • 6.1 Notes for the UNIX Clueless
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    6.1 Notes for the UNIX Clueless LINUX IS CASE-SENSITIVE. For example: Mozilla, MOZ

  • 6.10 Network apps
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    6.10 Network apps mozilla & (in X terminal) Run the mozilla web browser. Th

  • 6.11 File (de)compression
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    6.11 File (de)compression tar -zxvf filename.tar.gz (=tape archiver) Untar a tarred a

  • 6.12 Process control
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    6.12 Process control ps (="print status" or "process status") Display the list of cur

  • 6.13 Some administration commands
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    6.13 Some administration commands su (=substitute user id) Assume the superuser (=root

  • 6.14 Hard Drive/Floppy Disk Utilities
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    6.14 Hard Drive/Floppy Disk Utilities fdisk /dev/hda (= "fixed disk". As root.) Linu

  • 6.15 Management of user accounts and files permissions
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    6.15 Management of user accounts and files permissions useradd user_name passwd

  • 6.16 Program installation
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    6.16 Program installation rpm -ivh package_name-version.platform.rpm (as root) Instal

  • 6.17 Accessing drives/partitions
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    6.17 Accessing drives/partitions mount See here(FAQ.htm#Where_drives) for details on

  • 6.18 Network administration tools
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    6.18 Network administration tools netconf (as root) A very good menu-driven setup for

  • 6.19 Music-related commands
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    6.19 Music-related commands cdplay play 1 Play the first track from a audio CD. Use

  • 6.2 Linux essential keyboard shortcuts and sanity commands
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    6.2 Linux essential keyboard shortcuts and sanity commands Sw

  • 6.20 Graphics-related commands
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    6.20 Graphics-related commands kghostview my_file.ps (in X terminal) Display a postsc

  • 6.21 Small games
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    6.21 Small games Many small games are probably installed on your system. Here is just a sample

  • 6.3 Help commands
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    6.3 Help commands any_command --help |more Display a brief help on a command (works w

  • 6.4 System info
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    6.4 System info pwd Print working directory, i.e., display the name of my current dir

  • 6.5 Basic operations
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    6.5 Basic operations ls dir List the contents of the current directory. The

  • 6.6 File management
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    6.6 File management cp source destination Copy files. E.g., cp /home/stan/existi

  • 6.7 Viewing and editing files
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    6.7 Viewing and editing files cat filename | more View the content of a text file ca

  • 6.8 Finding files
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    6.8 Finding files find / -name "filename" Find the file called "filename" on your fi

  • 6.9 Basics of X-windows
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    6.9 Basics of X-windows xinit & Start a barebone X-windows server (without a windows

  • 7.1 Best Linux Applications
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    7.1 Best Linux Applications Here is my own (totally unbiased) ranking of Linux applications.

  • 7.2 Word processing
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    7.2 Word processing 7.2.1 OpenOffice.org / StarOffice Suite OpenOffice is a complete office

  • 7.3 Spreadsheet
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    7.3 Spreadsheet 7.3.1 Oocalc I currently use the good spreadsheet called calc , whi

  • 7.4 Databases
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    7.4 Databases If you are a database person, you will be pleased to see that Linux is very well

  • 7.5 CAD
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    7.5 CAD I am not a professional drafter, but for 15 years have been using a CAD program once a

  • 7.6 Web browsers: Mozilla, Konqueror, Galeon, and Lynx
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    7.6 Web browsers: Mozilla, Konqueror, Galeon, and Lynx All newer Linux distributions (Nov. 2002

  • 7.7 Writing CD-R/Ws: cdrecord and cdparanoia
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    7.7 Writing CD-R/Ws: cdrecord and cdparanoia Disclaimer: Copying copyrighted material is illeg

  • 7.8 Automating creation of graphs with gnuplot
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    7.8 Automating creation of graphs with gnuplot gnuplot is good for automating generati

  • 8.1 Linux Advanced Text Processing Tools
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    8.1 Linux Advanced Text Processing Tools /usr/games/banner -w79 "Happy Birthday, Marie" > mari

  • 8.2 Simple Programming under Linux
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    8.2 Simple Programming under Linux 8.2.1 Perl perl Powerful and widely used scripti

  • 8.3 Math Tools
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    8.3 Math Tools dc A command-line, arbitrary-precision "reverse Polish notation" (RPN)

  • 8.4 Miscellaneous
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    8.4 Miscellaneous How do I run an MS Windows Application (using "wine")? You do not install

  • 8.5 Running MySQL
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    8.5 Running MySQL Here are some basics for configuring and running MySQL. For details try the



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