UNIX FAQ

  • Who helped you put this list together?
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    Who helped you put this list together? This document was one of the first collec

  • When someone refers to 'rn(1
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    When someone refers to 'rn(1 It looks like some sort of function call, but it isn'

  • What does {some strange unix command name} stand for?
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    What does {some strange unix command name} stand for? awk = "Aho Weinberger and

  • How does the gateway between "comp.unix.questions" and the
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    How does the gateway between "comp.unix.questions" and the "info-unix" and

  • What are some useful Unix or C books?
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    What are some useful Unix or C books? Mitch Wright (mitch@cirrus.com) maintains

  • What happened to the pronunciation list that used to be part of this
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    What happened to the pronunciation list that used to be part of this From i

  • How do I remove a file whose name begins with a "-" ?
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    How do I remove a file whose name begins with a "-" ? Figure out some way to nam

  • How do I tell inside .cshrc if I'm a login shell?
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    How do I tell inside .cshrc if I'm a login shell? When people ask this, they usua

  • How do I construct a shell glob-pattern that matches all files
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    How do I construct a shell glob-pattern that matches all files You'd think t

  • How do I find the last argument in a Bourne shell script?
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    How do I find the last argument in a Bourne shell script? Answer by:

  • What's wrong with having '.' in your $PATH ?
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    What's wrong with having '.' in your $PATH ? A bit of background: the PATH enviro

  • How do I ring the terminal bell during a shell script?
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    How do I ring the terminal bell during a shell script? The answer depends on your

  • Why can't I use "talk" to talk with my friend on machine X?
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    Why can't I use "talk" to talk with my friend on machine X? Unix has three common

  • Why does calendar produce the wrong output?
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    Why does calendar produce the wrong output? Frequently, people find that the outp

  • How do I remove a file with funny characters in the filename ?
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    How do I remove a file with funny characters in the filename ? If the 'funny cha

  • How do I get a recursive directory listing?
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    How do I get a recursive directory listing? One of the following may do what you

  • How do I get the current directory into my prompt?
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    How do I get the current directory into my prompt? It depends which shell you ar

  • How do I read characters from the terminal in a shell script?
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    How do I read characters from the terminal in a shell script? In sh, use read.

  • How do I rename "*.foo" to "*.bar", or change file names to lowercase?
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    How do I rename "*.foo" to "*.bar", or change file names to lowercase? Why doesn

  • Why do I get [some strange error message] when I "rsh host command" ?
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    Why do I get [some strange error message] when I "rsh host command" ? (We're tal

  • How do I {set an environment variable, change directory} inside
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    How do I {set an environment variable, change directory} inside current shell?

  • How do I redirect stdout and stderr separately in csh?
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    How do I redirect stdout and stderr separately in csh? In csh, you can redirect

  • How do I find the creation time of a file?
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    How do I find the creation time of a file? You can't - it isn't stored anywhere.

  • How do I find the process ID of a program with a particular name
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    How do I find the process ID of a program with a particular name In a shell

  • How do I check the exit status of a remote command
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    How do I check the exit status of a remote command This doesn't work:

  • Is it possible to pass shell variable settings into an awk program?
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    Is it possible to pass shell variable settings into an awk program? There are two

  • How do I get rid of zombie processes that persevere?
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    How do I get rid of zombie processes that persevere? Unfortunately, it's impossib

  • How do I get lines from a pipe as they are written instead of only in
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    How do I get lines from a pipe as they are written instead of only in The st

  • How do I get the date into a filename?
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    How do I get the date into a filename? This isn't hard, but it is a bit cryptic a

  • Why do some scripts start with #! ... ?
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    Why do some scripts start with #! ... ? Chip Rosenthal has answered a closely rel

  • How do I use "rsh" without having the rsh hang around until the
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    How do I use "rsh" without having the rsh hang around until the (See note i

  • How do I truncate a file?
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    How do I truncate a file? The BSD function ftruncate() sets the length of a file

  • Why doesn't find's "{}" symbol do what I want?
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    Why doesn't find's "{}" symbol do what I want? "find" has a -exec option that wi

  • How do I set the permissions on a symbolic link?
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    How do I set the permissions on a symbolic link? Permissions on a symbolic link

  • How do I "undelete" a file?
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    How do I "undelete" a file? Someday, you are going to accidentally type somethin

  • How can a process detect if it's running in the background?
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    How can a process detect if it's running in the background? First of all: do you

  • Why doesn't redirecting a loop work as intended? (Bourne shell
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    Why doesn't redirecting a loop work as intended? (Bourne shell Take the following exam

  • How do I run 'passwd', 'ftp', 'telnet', 'tip' and other interactive
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    How do I run 'passwd', 'ftp', 'telnet', 'tip' and other interactive These p

  • How do I read characters from a terminal without requiring the user
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    How do I read characters from a terminal without requiring the user Check o

  • Is it possible to reconnect a process to a terminal after it has
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    Is it possible to reconnect a process to a terminal after it has and logging out?

  • Is it possible to "spy" on a terminal, displaying the output
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    Is it possible to "spy" on a terminal, displaying the output There are a few

  • How do I check to see if there are characters to be read without
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    How do I check to see if there are characters to be read without Certain ve

  • How do I find the name of an open file?
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    How do I find the name of an open file? In general, this is too difficult. The

  • How can an executing program determine its own pathname?
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    How can an executing program determine its own pathname? Your program can look a

  • How do I use popen(
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    How do I use popen( The problem with trying to pipe both input and output to an

  • How do I sleep(
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    How do I sleep( The first thing you need to be aware of is that all you can s

  • How can I get setuid shell scripts to work?
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    How can I get setuid shell scripts to work? [ This is a long answer, but it's a

  • How can I find out which user or process has a file open or is using
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    How can I find out which user or process has a file open or is using Use fu

  • How do I keep track of people who are fingering me?
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    How do I keep track of people who are fingering me? Generally, you can't find ou

  • Can shells be classified into categories?
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    Can shells be classified into categories? In general there are two main class of

  • How do I "include" one shell script from within another shell script?
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    How do I "include" one shell script from within another shell script? All of the

  • Do all shells have aliases? Is there something else that can be used?
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    Do all shells have aliases? Is there something else that can be used? All of th

  • How are shell variables assigned?
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    How are shell variables assigned? The shells from the C shell category use "set

  • How can I tell if I am running an interactive shell?
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    How can I tell if I am running an interactive shell? In the C shell category, lo

  • What "dot" files do the various shells use?
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    What "dot" files do the various shells use? Although this may not be a complete

  • I would like to know more about the differences between the
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    I would like to know more about the differences between the A very detailed

  • Disclaimer, introduction and acknowledgements.
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    Disclaimer, introduction and acknowledgements. NOTE TO READERS: I would like to

  • A very brief look at Unix history.
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    A very brief look at Unix history. Unix history goes back to 1969 and the famous

  • Main Unix flavors.
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    Main Unix flavors. The following is very much an early '90s view.

  • Main Players and Unix Standards.
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    Main Players and Unix Standards. The more important players in the Unix scene cu

  • Identifying your Unix flavor.
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    Identifying your Unix flavor. This section lists a number of things you can look

  • Brief notes on some well-known (commercial/PD
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    Brief notes on some well-known (commercial/PD (I am not at all satisfied with this sect

  • Real-time Unices.
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    Real-time Unices. WARNING: this section is badly in need of work. It's full of e

  • Unix glossary.
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    Unix glossary. This section provides short definitions of various concepts and

  • RCS vs SCCS: Introduction
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    RCS vs SCCS: Introduction The majority of the replies (in a recent poll) were in f

  • RCS vs SCCS: Conversion.
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    RCS vs SCCS: Conversion. An unsupported C-Shell script is available to convert from

  • RCS vs SCCS: Support
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    RCS vs SCCS: Support SCCS is supported by AT&T. RCS is supported by the Free Softw

  • RCS vs SCCS: Command Comparison
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    RCS vs SCCS: Command Comparison SCCS RCS E

  • RCS vs SCCS: Acknowledgements
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    RCS vs SCCS: Acknowledgements I would like to thank the following persons for contr

  • Can I get more information on configuration management systems?
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    Can I get more information on configuration management systems? Bill Wohler, who com

  • RCS vs SCCS: How do the interfaces compare?
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    RCS vs SCCS: How do the interfaces compare? RCS has an easier interface for first

  • RCS vs SCCS: What's in a Revision File?
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    RCS vs SCCS: What's in a Revision File? RCS keeps history in files with a ",v" suf

  • RCS vs SCCS: What are the keywords?
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    RCS vs SCCS: What are the keywords? RCS and SCCS use different keywords that are e

  • What's an RCS symbolic name?
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    What's an RCS symbolic name? RCS allows you treat a set of files as a family of fil

  • RCS vs SCCS: How do they compare for performance?
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    RCS vs SCCS: How do they compare for performance? Since RCS stores the latest vers

  • RCS vs SCCS: Version Identification.
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    RCS vs SCCS: Version Identification. SCCS is able to determine when a specific lin

  • RCS vs SCCS: How do they handle problems?
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    RCS vs SCCS: How do they handle problems? If you are missing the sccs or rcs tools

  • RCS vs SCCS: How do they interact with make(1
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    RCS vs SCCS: How do they interact with make(1 The fact that SCCS uses prefixes (s.file.c)

  • comp.unix.questions Archive-name: unix-faq/faq/part1
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    Version: $Id: part1,v 2.9 1996/06/11 13:07:56 tmatimar Exp $ These seven articles contain



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